رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ کے مختصر حالات
سلسلہ نسب و ولادت:
قطب الاقطاب فرد الاحباب استاذ شیوخ ، عالمِ اسلام و المسلمین حضرت محی الدین ابو محمد عبدالقادر الحسنی و الحسینی رضی اللہ عنہ، نجیب الطرفین ہیں۔ والدہ ماجدہ کی طرف سے حسینی اور والد ماجد کی جانب سے حسنی تھے۔ یہ شرافت و بزرگی بہت ہی کم بانصیب لوگوں کو حاصل ہوتی ہے۔ والد ماجد کا نام سید ابو صالح اور والدہ ماجدہ کا اسم گرامی ام الخیر فاطمہ بنت ابو عبداللہ صومعی الحسینی تھا۔ رضی اللہ تعالیٰ عنہما۔ آپ ایران کے مشہور قصبہ جیل میں یکم رمضان المبارک ٤٧٠ھ کو پیدا ہوئے۔
Few amongst the people use to object that to proclaim "Ya Shaykh Abd al-Qadir Jilani" is Shirk because one is making partnership with Allah Ta’ala (committing Shirk) by asking for assistance from the creation of Allah Ta’ala. They say that one can only ask directly from Allah Ta’ala. The Ahle Sunnah wa Jama’at believes that it is absolutely permissible to say "Ya Shaykh Abd al Qaadir Jilani" when asking for assistance from those servants of Allah Ta’ala whom He has appointed as helpers of the Ummah.
We understand from the verse
اِیَّاکَ نَعْبُدُ وَ اِیَّاکَ نَسْتَعِیۡنُ
You alone we worship and from You alone we seek help (and may we always).
which is found in Surah Fatiha, that the True Helper is Allah Ta’ala. But it is Allah Ta’ala who has appointed helpers from within His servants to assist the creation with His permission.
Sayyiduna Shah Abdul Azeez Muhaddith Delhwi (Alaihir raHmah) explains the Tafseer of the above verse by writing:
"Here, it should be understood that to ask for assistance from anyone other than Allah, by putting full trust and not thinking of it as a marvel of Almighty Allah, is prohibited. But, if the attention is towards Allah and then to think of a person as the splendour of Almighty Allah and by keeping the means and wisdom of Almighty Allah before you, if one asks from anyone other than Allah, then this is not far from the Wisdom of Almighty Allah. This action is permissible and allowed in Shari’ah. To ask for help in this way is not really asking from someone but Allah, but in reality it is to ask from Allah." [Tafseer-e-Azeezi]
As long as a person bears this fact in mind that the True and Real Helper is Allah Ta’ala and no matter whom he asks from, it will be through the Mercy of Allah Ta’ala, then it is permissible to ask from such a person. This can never be termed as Shirk.
Sayyiduna Ghawth al-A’zam Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qādir Jilāni Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho (d.561/1164), states:
من استغاث بي في كر بة كشفت عنه و من نادى باسمي في شدة فرجت عنه و من توسل بي الى الله عز و جل في حاجته قضيت له و من صلى ركعتين يقرء في كل ركعة بعد الفاتحة سورة الاخلاص احدى عشرة مرة ثم يصلى على رسول الله صلى الله تعالى عليه و سلم بعد السلام و يسلم عليه ثم يخطوا الى جهة العراق احدى عشرة خطوة يذكر فيها اسمي و يذكر حاجتي فانها تقضي
If a person in distress or hardships calls out to me, his hardship will be eradicated. If a person uses my name as a Wasila (medium) when he pleads to Allāh SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala, his need will be fulfilled. One should perform two Rakats of Salāh and in every Rakat one should recite the Sura Fateha and thereafter, Sura Ikhlās eleven times. After completing the Salāh, one must recite the Durood and Salām (Salawāt or Darood Sharif) upon Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam. Then remembering me one should take eleven steps towards the direction of Baghdad invoking my name in every step and also one’s need and wish. In this manner, (Allāh SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala willing), his need and wish will be granted. [Bahjat al-Asrar, Mustafa al-Babi (Egypt), Page 102 – Zubdat al Asraar, Page 101]
The above method has been mentioned and prescribed by eminent scholars such as,
Imām Abul Hasan Ali bin Jarir Lakh’mi Shat’noofi Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho (d.713/1314),
Imām ‘Abdullah bin Asad Yafa’i Makki Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho (d.750/1349),
Shaykh Mulla Ali Qāri Makki Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho (d.1014/1606) author of Mirqāt Shar’h Mishkāt,
Mawlana Abul-Maāli Muhammad Salmi al-Qadiri Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho and Shaykh-e-Muhaqqiq Mawlana ‘Abd al-Haqq Muhaddith Dehlawi Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho (d.1052/1642).
Some of their thesis are,
Khulāsa al Mafākhir,
Toh’fa-e-Qadiri yyah and
Zubdat al- ’thār, etc.
Numerous other ‘Ulama and Awliya also promote it. One should also remember that the great ‘Ulama and Saints attribute extreme authenticity to the above.
Imām ‘Allama Khayr al-Din Ramli Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho, the illustrious teacher of the scholar who has written the authentic book on Islāmic Jurisprudence, “Durre Mukhtār”, states in his Fatāwa Khayriyyah:
قَولَهُم يَا شَيخ عَبدَالقَادِر نِدَاءٌ فَمَا المُوجِبُ الحُرمَةَ؟
People who proclaim, “Ya Shaykh ‘Abd al Qādir”, are merely emulating a call. What, therefore, is the reason for it not to be permissible? [Fatawa Khairiyah, Dar al-Ma’arifah (Berut – Lebanon), Vol 2, Page 182]
Sayyidi Jamāl bin ‘Abdullah bin Umar Makki Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho, in his Fatāwa states:
سالت عمّن يقول في حال الشدائد يا رسول الله او يا شيخ عبدالقادر مثلا هل هو جائز شرعاً ام لا؟ اُجِبْتُ نعم! الاستغاثة بالاولياء و نداؤهم و التوسّل بهم امر مشروعٌ و شيئ مرغوبٌ الا ينكرهٌ الا مكابر و معاند و قد حرّم بركة الاولياء الكرام
I was questioned about those people who in times of difficulty proclaim “Ya Rasūlallah, Ya Ali, Ya Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qādir,” and whether these proclamations were permissible in Islām. The great scholar replied: “Yes, these proclamations are permissible. To call to them is permissible including using their names as Wasila. This is allowed in the light of the Shari’ah. Such an act is desirable and approved. Only the stubborn and arrogant would oppose or question this reality. These individuals are certainly unfortunate and deprived of the Barkāt (blessing) of the Awliya Allāh”. [Fatawa Jamāl bin ‘Abdullah bin Umar Makki]
Shah Wali-Allāh, records a method for achieving and fulfilling one’s wishes in his book, Al-Intibah fi al salāsil al-Awliya. He states:
بعد ازاں یک صدو یازدہ بار درود و بعدازاں یک صدو یازدہ بار کلمہ تمجید ویک صدو یازدہ بارشیئاً ﷲ یا شیخ عبدالقادر جیلانی
“One should first perform two Rakats of Nafil Salāh. After completion, he should recite the following – 111 times Darood Sharif (Salawāt), 111 times Kalima Tamjid and 111 times ‘Shay’an-Lillāh, Ya Shaykh Abd al-Qādir Jilāni’.” [Al-Intibah fi al salāsil al-Awliya Allah]
From this book, it has been proven that all the afore-mentioned great luminaries believed in the proclamation of “Shay’an Lillāh” and “Ya” as being valid and a great solution to many unsolved problems. The Shariah does not forbid to call on Ambiyā and Awliya for assistance with the Harf of Nidā (“Ya”). They also gave permission to their students and disciples to practice it without any hesitation. Sha Wali-Allāh Muhaddith Dehlawi Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho spent numerous years in the company of his Shaykh and Ustāz of Hadith Sharif, Shaykh Mawlana Shaykh Abu-Tāhir al-Madani Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho.
— — —
أنوار الانتباه في حلّ نداء يا رسول الله
by Imam Ahmad Rida al-Qadiri Alaihir raHmah
Rendered into English by Shaykh Abd al-Hadi al-Qadiri
There are many narrations of predecessor Masha’ikh approximately 100 years before the birth of Sayyiduna Ghawth al-A’zam Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho who foretold that shortly there will be born in ‘Ajam [non-Arab state] a person who will announce that his foot is on the necks of all the Awliya-Allah. On his announcement, all the Awliya will place their heads under his feet and enter the shadow of his sacred feet.
AlaHadrat Imam Ash-Shah Ahmad Rida Khan al-Qadiri have quoted many narrations and annotations in this regard from which 11 (Eleven) will be presented below in accordance to the Qadiri number (11) with a hope that the Sublime Lord SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala will bless us with the Barakaat of both the Worlds… in sha ALLAH!
NARRATION # 1 to 4:
Hadrat Imam Abul-Hasan ‘Ali bin Yusuf Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho narrates from Abu-Muhammad Salim bin’Ali Damyati Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho and he narrates from six illustrious Masha‘ikh who were the Sufi Masters of Iraq. They were Hadrat Abu-Tahir Sar’sari, Shaykh Abul-Hasan Hafaf Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho, Shaykh Abu-Hafs Buraydi Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho, Shaykh Abul-Qasim ‘Umar al-Dardani Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho, Shaykh Abul-Walid Zayd bin Sa’id Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho and Shaykh Abu-‘Amar ‘Uthman bin Sulayman Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho. They informed him that Hadrat Abul-Faraj ‘Abdur-Rahim Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho and Abul-Hasan ‘Ali Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho both nephews of Sayyidi Shaykh Ahmad Rifa’i Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho related to them:
کنا عند شیخنا الشیخ احمد بن الرفاعی بزاویته بام عبیدة فمد عنقه وقال علی رقبتی، فسئلناه عن ذٰلک فقال قد قال الشیخ عبدالقادر الآن بغداد قدمی ھذه علی رقبة کل ولی الله
We were present in the Khanqah (School) with our Murshid, Sayyid Ahmad al-Rifa’i Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho in Umme-‘Obayd. Suddenly our Shaykh al-Rifa’i Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho moved his neck forward and said: عَلَى رَقَبَتِي [“On my neck”]. We inquired from him about his action and declaration. He replied: “At this moment Hadrat ‘Abd al-Qadir has declared in Baghdad that his foot is on the necks of all the Awliya of Allah.” [Bahjat al-Asrar, Published Mustafa Al-Babi (Egypt), Page 13]
Note: Three more Narrations of different narrators with almost the same wordings are also stated on Page 13 and 14 of Bahjat al-Asrar published by Mustafa Al-Babi in Egypt.
Excellence of Bay’at
The meaning of Bay’at or pledging spiritual allegiance is to be totally sold, which means to surrender yourself totally to a Spiritual Master (Murshid) to guide you to Allah.
Bay’at should be done on the hands of that person who possesses the following e attributes or else Bay’at will not be permissible. These are:
1. First and foremost, he must be a Sunni Muslim holding correct Islamic beliefs.
2. He should at least have that amount of knowledge which will enable him, without the assistance of anyone, to extract questions relating to Islamic Jurisprudence from Islamic books.
3. His Silsila (Chain of Spiritual Order) must be directly linked to the Holy Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) without a break in the sequence.
4. He must not be a Fasiq-e-Mo’lin (One who openly commits transgression and sin).
All Praises is due to Allāh Almighty SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala, choicest Salāms and Salutations upon His Beloved Habīb, Sayyidunā Muhammadur-Rasūlullāh SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam, his noble family, the illustrious Sahābah and distinguished Awliya Ridwanullahi Ta’ala Alaihim Ajma’een.
A rich store of information about Gawth al-Aazam is conveniently available, to those familiar with the religious and spiritual tradition of Islam, in his names, his surnames, and the many titles conferred upon him by his devoted followers. It is not unusual for these to take up several lines in an Arabic manuscript, but let us start with the short form of His name:
O Ghawth! You hold a place of prominence … Your feet are above others heads in eminence
A term applied throughout the Islamic world to respected persons of recognized seniority in learning, experience and wisdom. Its basic meaning in Arabic is “an elder; a man over fifty years of age.” [The spellings Sheikh, Shaikh and Shaykh may also be encountered in English-language publications.]